The Role of the Weird Sisters – An Analysis of the Vampire Women in Bram Stoker's Dracula

The three vampire women who inhabit the more remote regions of Count Dracula's castle are of great significance to the narrative. Stoker's depiction of them could be considered to embody the very worst Victorian nightmares regarding womanhood. Jonathan Harker's reactions after his encounter with them also convey late nineteenth-century anxieties concerning the feminization of men.

Female gender identities were narrowly defined in Victorian society. Women were generally considered to be of two types, either the doting wife and mother, or the fallen woman. The vampire women, or 'weird sisters ', as Harker calls them – referencing the three witches from Macbeth – could be considered an exaggerated literary equivalent of these fallen women. With their "brilliant white teeth" (p.37) and "voluptuous lips" (p.37), they are portrayed as overtly sexual beings. Their appearance and behavior stand in stark contrast to that of Jonathan's fiancée, the virtuous Mina, who he describes as having "naught in common" (p.53) with the vampire women.

During his seduction, Jonathan's reactions to the weird sisters are decidedly ambivalent: "There was a deliberate voluptuousness which was both thrilling and repulsive" (p.38). He encounters them in a far-flung chamber of Castle Dracula whilst in an ambiguous state of consciousness, a common motif in Gothic literature: "I suppose I must have fallen asleep; I hope so, but I fear, for all that followed was startlingly real "(p.37). Viewed from within a Victorian context, Harker is portrayed in a somewhat feminized position, with the gender roles reversed, in that he is a man being seduced by women, when in nineteenth-century society men would be expected to assume the role of seducer.

It is arguable that the actions of the vampire women in their seduction of Harker represent newfound anxieties about the emergence of the New Woman. The New Woman was a type of woman who challenged the prevailing Victorian notions of womanhood. Although Mina could be considered a New Woman, with her financial independence gained from having a career before marriage, she discusses this class of women with disdain. Regarding attitudes to marriage, she states that "I suppose the New Woman will not condescend in future to accept; she will do the proposing herself" (p.89). It would appear that in their seduction of Harker, the female vampires could be considered New Women in light of Mina's remarks.

Within the context of Gothic literature, Stoker confronts several conventions, one of these being through the role of Jonathan Harker in Dracula's castle. In eighteenth-century Gothic novels, such as Ann Radcliffe's influential The Mysteries of Udolpho, it is a young woman – of a 'tremulous sensitivity' and much prone to fainting – who finds herself ensnared in a remote castle and at the mercy of male predators . In Dracula Stoker has subverted convention by having a male character in this role, a detail consolidated by Harker's reaction to his grisly encounter with the vampire women: "the horror overcame me, and I sank down unconscious" (p.39). He is a man assuming the role typically occupied by women in Gothic narrative.

Mina's role as a New Woman is supported further during her encounter with the weird sisters much later in the story. The vampire women are shown to beckon to Mina, referring to her as 'sister' in their invitation to join their ranks.

Jonathan's "agony of delightful anticipation" (p.38) when being seduced by the vampires is echoed in Van Helsing's own anxieties when staking the undead women. He also notes the women's sexual appeal in similar tones to Harker: "She was so fair to look on, so radiantly beautiful, so exquisitely voluptuous", (p.370). If Victorian masculinity could be undermined through the threat posed by sexually attractive women, then Van Helsing's staking of the female vampires could be considered a reassertion of male patriarchy.

Source by Ben H Wright

5 Top Questions Before Divorcing A Passive Aggressive Husband

Are You Considering Divorcing Your Passive Aggressive Husband ?

The decision to divorce anyone, is a very difficult one, but it can be especially hard if you are married to a passive aggressive. Because one day he is acting nice to you, and seems as loving and nurturing as the day you married, and then the next day, he is making your life hell, It can make you question your decisions about divorcing your husband.

Today, we'll be sharing with you the top 5 questions you should be asking yourself.

How Do You Make Your Decision?

Notice that these questions are issues you need to answer order to prepare for what happens after divorcing him:

1. How Much Pain Do You Have To Suffer To Be Able To Say "STOP, No More"?

Within your passive aggressive marriage, you have been giving up your own dreams to satisfy your husband's child-like need for support and attention. Whether out of love or fear, you learned to stop talking about the things that you wanted, because it made him jealous and angry.

Not only that, you have lost your dignity, by having to be a mother and a wife to your husband. You've had to squash your own thoughts, opinions and ideas to keep "the man of the house" pleased and calm – it's either your dignity or peace, and peace is what keeps a family together, right?

Except that, when your dignity is trashed, and when you go allow with his game of passive aggressiveness, he forces you to give up your self-respect, as well. Remember that he's passive aggressive – he will not just take your self-esteem and self-respect, he'll make you give it up willingly, which is all the more heart-breaking.

How Much Is Enough? Is Today Enough? When Will It Be?

2. Where Is Your Self-Esteem?

Divorcing your husband requires a little self-esteem – you have to feel that you deserve equal treatment before demanding it. You will not be full of confidence for a while (it will take time to heal), but you can get on the right track by looking at how your husband has hurt your self-esteem and how divorcing your husband will help you get your self-esteem back.

How do you know that you have diminished self-esteem? You do not trust your ideas or gut feelings, you wait for permission / confirmation from others about actions, you second guess decisions about what is best for you and select poor options, you do not think that you can make a good life for you or your children without someone else's help. All of these need to be recognized in yourself so that you can see how deeply entrenched in your husband's game you are. You need to break of the mentality that "I can not live without this man as my husband." You can, and you have to show him that you can.

3. How Are You Going To Avoid Feeling Guilty?

In a marriage where gender roles are strict, or if you come from a family where you were taught to be a "proper" woman, being invited to focus on yourself and your life purposes can make you feel guilty. They told you that you were in this life to take care and serve others (namely your husband), and focusing on making yourself happy can feel like a terrible thing to do.

Meanwhile, your husband has told that you are not able to survive without others helping you (making you a psychic cripple). He'll do anything he can to make you feel like you're "abandoning" a "loving" husband, a "perfect" family, your kids, your livelihood, your dignity, or anything else within reach he can throw at you.

How are you going to avoid his guilt trip, or that of society? A good place to start is questions 1 and 2. Compare what the guilt-trippers say to what you really know. Is there any possible logical reason, at all, that you should feel guilty for leaving an abusive husband?

4. How Will You Detach From Him Before Leaving?

Here is a danger involved with divorcing your passive aggressive husband: your husband, knowing exactly what you have been waiting all those years to have (a loving, understanding companion to share life), will now promise that all that will happen. And a part of you thinks: what if I leave now and he was finally going to deliver the answer to my dreams? It's like waiting for a shooting star to pass: you have not seen one, but you're haunted by the idea that one will pass just as you turn away.

This is what you need to be prepared for. What should your response be? Tell yourself the truth. Ask yourself, why is he telling me this? What has been waiting for, if he's really capable of it? Realize that his speech is a verbal mirage that he is weaving to keep you here (without asking for more and or leaving, because you'll now wait patiently). He knows what you need and want perfectly; he has been manipulating you all this time (dangling the "happy marriage" carrot in front of you), telling you that he can be the person you need.

Tell yourself that it is a false promise; either he can not or will not deliver that kind of relationship.

To detach before divorcing your husband means looking reality in the face and tell yourself: "Whatever he says, he was unable to deliver before, and he can not deliver this in the future. I must not be lured by false promises; he is doing this to break my resolve, knowing damn well what I have been wishing for and waiting for all our married life. "

5. What Will My New Life Look Like ?

Imagining your new life, pain-free, abuse-free, is extremely important. Maybe you're going to pursue that college degree you never received, or the position at work that requires you to move to a new city. Perhaps you're going to spend more time with the kids or with some distant family. Whatever it is that your passive aggressive husband has been holding you back from, now is the time to seize it and realize that you can finally do it.

Your husband will try to lure you back by conjuring up images of your "perfect marriage" and the "good life" you have together, about how he's a "great provider" and a "loving partner." You may need to rehearse a speech, or bring cards, or have something other reminder with you that will help you focus on what you're really trying to say: "You've hurt me, and I will not let you do it anymore. I can not stay with you. "

Your road to divorcing your passive aggressive husband will be a bumpy one, and you need a guide that you can trust. Talk to our marriage coach, Dr. Nora, to get personal feedback on your situation and in-depth relationship coaching on how to tell your passive aggressive husband that you want a divorce.

Source by Nora Femenia

Is The Sex Always Better In the Affair Than In The Marriage?

Much of the time, when people mention affair sex, they assume that it is so good that it is almost mind blowing. They assume that it has to be this good in order to make it worth the risk. Many spouses who have someone cheat on them also make this assumption, even if their spouse does everything in his power to insist that this is not true.

For example, you might hear a conversation like this: "my husband is trying to claim that his affair was not about sex. In fact, he's insisting that the sex was not even good. He says that sex is better with me and that the other woman did not really know what he likes. But he says that the point of the affair was never about the sex. he was supposedly attracted to her because she listened to and supported him, or so he claims. I think that he is just saying this because he does not want for me to have hang ups about sex if we stay together. Every one knows that affair sex is good, do not they? "

Well, everyone assumes this. But I've had people comment that their affair was most definitely not about sex, just like this husband. Many of them say that the affair was more about excitement, emotional attachment and support, and having someone who seems to appreciate them without expectations.

For example, a husband might say: "when people see the other woman, they always assume that I was only in it for the sex. I was not. I will not say that we did not have sex because we did. but that was never the draw for me. I have been friends with the other woman for a long time. I made some bad investments that meant that I had to cut back on my spending. This made me wife treat me differently. She was always mad and she was always making sarcastic comments about me. The other woman is not like that. she's happy to just go and have a picnic lunch and talk. she does not expect me to buy her things and she does not want to be taken care of. She's content with just me. This is such a huge relief when contrasted with the expectations of my wife. "

I hear these sorts of comments a lot. And I hear them from people who have no reason to lie to me. I do not know their spouses so I can not possibly put in a good word for them. They just want to unload their feelings onto someone, which is often why they had an affair in the first place.

And I am not saying that this excuses them. There are no excuses. But, I think affairs based on emotions are just as dangerous, if not more so, than affairs that are based on sex. Anytime your spouse gets their marital needs met by someone else, that's a problem.

But many therapists and professions will tell you that an affair is so much more than just sex. I'm not a professional, but I certainly do believe this. Sex is only one aspect of the relationship, but it is certainly not the only aspect.

Many people can not possibly believe that a man would risk his marriage or his family for bad sex. The thing is, sex is not his payoff. His payoff is getting his emotional needs met. His payoff is the fact that the other woman does not make him feel pressured. She makes him feel relevant again.

Now, is this reality? Most definitely not. If the affair continued on, it's very likely that the other woman would develop expectations over time. People love to think that their affair partner does not want anything from them or does not have expectations or demands. But it is not realistic to expect that things are always going to be this way. The more serious and long term the relationship, the more expectations there are going to be.

And then this happens, the husband will often lose interest because he can get the expectations at home without much trouble at all.

Of course, the original question was about sex so let's go back to that. Many people will tell you that affair sex is wonderful and some of them truly believe that. But most people will tell you that sex with the same person over time (like your spouse) is also good sex because that person knows you. They know what you like and what you do not like. You've likely fine tuned your physical connection over the long term.

The person in the affair can not say this. The relationship is often just beginning. Sure, there's a bit of novelty but even that wears off quickly. Sometimes the sex starts off being perceived as good or even great, but once it's no longer new, it's nothing special.

I can not possibly tell you or guess at what the sex was like with your husband and the other woman. But I can tell you that not everyone says that the affair sex was always good. Many will tell you that it was nothing special, but that was fine with them because the intercourse was not the draw. The way the other person managed to make them feel was the draw. Or the relief they felt from some stressor or short coming was the draw.

Source by Katie Lersch

Marriage Advice: Eight Steps to Marital Harmony

The formula for marital harmony and success is not a mysterious secret. It's actually very straightforward.

The "behind the scenes" part is the constant work that's required to keep the channels of love and communication clear from obstruction. Diligent spouses consistently spend time and energy addressing issues as they come up so that anger and hurt feelings do not accumulate.

Spouses who want satisfying marriages also look for ways to keep their love strong, such as remembering to show affection and appreciation frequently. They know that the more they feel connected and bonded, the more motivated they will be to resolve problems and hang in there when things are difficult.

The following eight steps will guide you in looking at what you can do to increase your chances for creating a happy, harmonious marriage:

1. Work on yourself and your own issues that you brought with you into the marriage.

Many responses that you have to your spouse's actions are triggered by past events going back to your childhood. If one of your emotional wounds is feeling disrespected, then when your partner inadvertently does something that triggers those feelings, you'll experience an intense reaction. Individual counseling can help you to be more self-aware of what's behind your intense reactions and what you can do so that you do not over-react to issues in your marriage.

2. Avoid blaming your partner for problems in the marriage.

Blame only causes the other person to become defensive and angry, and it decreases the probability that the two of you can find a win-win solution to your problems. When you focus on blaming your spouse for what's happening in the marriage, you are planting seeds of resentment that can hurt the relationship. A marriage is composed of two people, and each contributes to the quality of the relationship and shares responsibility for it.

3. Be empathetic and put yourself in your partner's place when issues come up.

Really try to understand where your partner is coming from when you disagree or when your partner does something that you can not make sense of. Ask your spouse to talk about his or her feelings. Listen respectfully and ask your spouse to clarify points that you do not understand. Develop a curiosity for learning more about your spouse's feelings and take special care to create an emotionally safe environment for the discussions with your spouse.

4. Look for ways to make your partner 's life easier and to show your love.

Many of the irritants and stressors in modern day life are the little things — the extra time it takes to pick up the cleaning on the way home from work or to put the clean dishes in the dishwasher away. When you see some errand or task that you can do to save your partner time, offer to do it.

Look for opportunities to give your spouse a few minutes to relax or have downtime. Watch for things you can do to pamper your partner when you can. It's often the little things that can make a big difference in marital happiness and satisfaction.

5. Express appreciation often and say form the habit of saying "thank you."

As months and years go by, many spouses take each other for granted and neglect to express appreciation or say "thank you" to each other. Numerous spouses complain that their partners only focus on what they do wrong and never compliment them.

It's sad to think that the one person who means the most to you might have to wonder whether or not you appreciate them. Let your spouse know how much he or she means to you on a frequent basis. Give compliments and praise freely, and express thanks for all that your partner does to enrich your life and marriage.

6. Apologize quickly and sincerely, taking responsibility for your part in whatever happens in the marriage.

The truth is that sometimes it's hard to say "I'm sorry." That's when it's time to remember the question, "Would you rather be right or would you rather be happy?"

Accept that things do not always make sense in a relationship and that confusion and misunderstandings can happen easily. It's a mark of maturity when you can say, "I'm so sorry for my part in what has happened between us."

7. Have interests, hobbies and activities in your life that you enjoy so you're not thrown off center so easily if you have a tiff or quarrel with your spouse.

It's important to have interests and activities of your own that are satisfying to you that can help to keep you balanced and anchored if other areas of your life are upsetting. That way, you can more easily regain a sense of perspective and be able to withstand the on-going stress.

For example, if you and your spouse are encountering some rocks along the relationship path, you could go on a long bike ride, go fishing with a friend, visit a museum, or read an interesting book. Those activities and interests can add pleasure to your life to help balance out the temporary problems in your marriage. You're always ahead of the game when you know some ways to lift your spirits.

8. Look for fun activities and bonding experiences to share with your mate.

Be on the lookout for activities that could be fun for you and your spouse to do together. Search the local newspaper for plays, concerts, new movies, museum exhibits, neighborhood fairs and festivals, and new restaurants that are advertised. Laughter and having fun is bonding and can help to create those "Kodak moments" that are so delightful.

Also look for activities that represent causes you and your spouse believe in, such as spending a Saturday helping a local charity with a garage sale or volunteering together at a local soup kitchen. These experiences can serve to remind you of what you have in common with your spouse and of how good it feels to be working in unison with a shared purpose.

Source by Nancy Wasson

8 Traits Of The Ladies' Man

The phrase, women are shrouded in mystery, is a generally held viewpoint. This mindset has led men to imagine without hope of an accurate answer to what it is that women look out for in men before considering the man for a relationship. Studies have shown that the popularly held opinion of men on this issue, especially as regards what moves the women easily to a man's side has been false.

Here are a few of the traits of men that attract and keep beautiful men around them.

• Body Language – Women are actually more interested in a man's carriage than in his outfit. They generally expect their men to be confident and to walk, sit, talk and gesture with obvious confidence exuding around. A dude who may be materially handicapped may have an advantage over a really rich guy in a winning a girl over if through his body language, he is able to demonstrate that he has confidence and is sure of himself.

• Social Status – A person's position rather than the amount of money he has is more attractive to women. Worldwide experience has shown that military men and policemen marry the most physically beautiful women. The main thrust here is not even the rank, it is just that these men are conferred with authority by virtue of their jobs with its coercive power. Their women hardly leave even when they are maltreated.

• Intelligence – Smart guys also have advantage over their richer and more physically attractive counterparts. Women feel that guys with knowledge would make smarter decisions about life.

• Funny and Confident – Men who are fun to be with who exhibit confidence in their behaviour has advantage over the mind of women than their counterparts who may be endowed very well in other areas such as fashion sense. Women prefer warm, fun creating personalities over and above the fashionable.

• Personality – Women place more premium on personality than in good looks or costly apparel. Carriage over fashion, confidence over display of wealth and poise over popularity.

• Sense of Humor – A sense of humor is a winner any day with women. A man who possesses a good sense of humor has a better chance with women than a man who has a lot of money to spend on them for gifts and food.

• Arrogance – Some of the character traits men like to present to women include being nice, kind and gentle. Studies are showing that women actually prefer the bad guys especially if they are able to display their arrogance and ego. Women prefer uncontrollable men who would not accept to do what they want immediately.

• Lively Joyful Honest Personality – Women have been discovered to prefer lively, energetic and joyful personality in men than good looks, fashion and money. They believe that the zest of the lively, joyful man would provide more satisfaction than anything else in a relationship.

Source by Francis Nmeribe

Insecurity In Relationships – Do not Let Paranoia Ruin Your Marriage

Is it possible to end up in divorce court because of insecurity in relationships? I think it depends on the individuals but insecurity can either confirm suspicions or force a spouse to leave because of the craziness often times associated with insecurity in relationships.

Some folks are so insecure that they have a hard time relating to their spouse or others. It's possible for some to have a difficult time adjusting to the married life. Sure, the relationship may have been wonderful before the marriage but once the wedding takes place and commitments are made, insecurity in relationships can creep in.

There may be some past relationships where a person has been hurt that's causing insecurity in the marriage. Perhaps lingering memories of a difficult breakup in the past are fueling insecure feelings in the marriage. There may have been infidelity or even an ugly divorce in a previous relationship that's driving the insecurity.

You may find yourself or others who are insecure always trying to answer the "what if" questions;

  • What if I'm not able to meet all of his / her needs and expectations?
  • What if he / she finds someone else better than me?
  • What if my looks change will he / she no longer be attracted to me?

Sometimes it's a struggle for folks to believe that they are good enough for their spouse.

So with anxiety and fear constantly on their mind, their behavior becomes troublesome and puts stress on the marriage.

There are some who are consumed with making sure their spouse is happy and approves of the relationship. The insecure person may closely examine every word, facial expression, or act by their spouse and worry unnecessarily. Always wondering "is he / she unhappy with me"; or "why is he / she not smiling as much anymore" or "he / she must be leaving me because we have not been intimate in 2 weeks".

The problem with insecurity in relationships is that sometimes it's hard to see real issues that may need addressing because of the over-reaction to everything.

If you or your spouse is struggling with insecurity in your relationships here are some things you can do to make your marriage better;

  1. Stop trying to be a mind reader. Since you know there is a level of insecurity talk it out and create a safe environment for being able to ask the question. Instead of looking at something your spouse did or did not do and wondering "what if", ask him or her for sake of clarity why or what exactly was meant or done. Do not leave it up to your imagination to figure it out.
  2. Avoid comparing your marriage to others or perhaps past relationships. If you keep focusing on broken or failed relationships you will drive your current marriage there as well.
  3. Do not try to change your spouse to make you more secure. You should strengthen your relationship so that your insecurity does not cause you to want to control every word, action or place your spouse goes.

Insecurity in relationships can result in either the insecure person sabotaging the marriage out of fear and anxiety or simply creating a frustrating unhappy marriage.

Source by DP Haynes

How Do I Make My Husband Desire Me Again? Ways to Recapture His Interest

"I wish I knew how to make my husband desire me again." Does that sound like something you've been thinking recently? If you have, you're not alone. Many marriages become stale after a few years and the wife ends up feeling as though her husband does not even notice when she's in the room. It's frustrating to be in this situation because as much as you love your husband, it's hard not to become disappointed in him when he starts neglecting your needs. Obviously, you can just sit back and hope that he'll suddenly snap out of it and start paying more attention to you, or you can take matters into your own hands. Getting him to want you again is not nearly as difficult as you might think. With the right insight you can not only recapture his interest, but you can ensure he loves you more than he ever has before.

There's an old saying that familiarity breeds contempt and that can be said for many marriages. When you become very comfortable with a person you often start pushing their needs aside. Wives are just as guilty of this as husbands and that's something you should be considering. Take an honest look at how you've been treating your spouse recently. Have you been as loving and attentive as you were in the earlier days of your relationship? If you have not, you may not realize that your husband may just be unconsciously mimicking your behavior. Many men do this without intending to. When their wife stops paying them attention, they stop paying it back. It's a cycle that's really easy to break though. Start changing that dynamic right now by doing things for your husband that you know he appreciates. Show him just how important he is to you by treating him to things like his favorite meal or tickets to his favorite sports team. He'll love that you put in the effort and it will make him want to do the same for you.

Being a little mysterious may seem a bit out of place when you're married, but it can actually make your husband desire you again. It's no secret that when a couple is dating, it's wise for the woman to play a little hard to get. Obviously, your husband already has you but you can still use some of those same principles to get him to want you more. Start chasing some of your own dreams and show him that you're still a vibrant, productive woman. He'll love that you are out doing your own thing as it shows that you value yourself. Do not share every small detail of what you've been up to. It will keep him guessing and that drives men, even husbands, wild with desire.

Source by Gillian Reynolds

Pointers For Seniors Looking to Date Again

Where do seniors meet seniors?

It is a fact that more people meet online these days than at social events or even at work and this is especially true of seniors. A surprising percentage of boomers are looking for a new relationship and find it online. I can vouch for that, it is where my wife and I met six and a half years ago now and it has been the a great move for us.

Seniors Meet Seniors Online Success Story.

I had been out of a 39 year marriage and had four children Gemma had divorced 16 years before and had two children. Of course all the 'kids' were grown up and had relationships and families of their own. Two singles, free to find new loves and new adventures. I was 60 and had 'run home to mom!'. It was one of my daughters who suggested that if I sat watching the TV night after night I would soon be old before my time.

Doing Nothing Was Tempting

After 40 years of 'homemaking' sitting still and letting the world go by was very tempting but you know it is predicted that our generation will live long lives, maybe to 100 and 40 years of being a couch potato seems more like a prison sentence than an ambition so I subscribed to a dating site.

Write an Honest Profile

Considering I had never done anything like this before I made a good decision, I had an 'allowance' of 1000 characters to write my profile, I would use every one of them and write a full and honest profile. I laid it all out, who I am, my age, how I got to be where I am today, what I like, what I dislike, what I do for fun, what I am looking for in a relationship all open all honest.

Look for an Honest Profile

How can you know when you are looking at an honest profile? Well you can not. Some people are just playing around and there is nothing wrong with that – that's what they want from the site, different experiences, a bit of fun but it was not what I wanted. I was prepared to 'kiss a few frogs' before I found my sleeping beauty but care sifting through the replies that came in every day on my e-mail account meant I did not have to.

One in a Million

The site sent me some matches and one match was amazing, she had worked just as hard as I had on her own profile. The site told me she was a one-in-a-million match to me and so it turned out. We met and wooed and two years later got engaged. We married just two years ago and as you will conclude for this it was the best move I could have made.

Goodbye to the Quiet Life – Hello Adventure

Now every day is a good day, we plan our holidays, work on our business together, on our home and enjoy a fantastic 'extended family life.

When Seniors Meet Seniors and they strike a good bond they bring something to their new relationship that they never had before – experience. Experience of making mistakes and a determination not to make those mistakes again. You might have guessed that I heartily recommend it, if you are a senior considering dating late in life do not delay, somewhere out there is a great relationship for you and all you have to do is reach out for it and live life to the full again.

Source by J Bennett anthony

What Is Fitzgerald Trying to Say About the American Dream in 'The Great Gatsby'?

The American dream is such a major theme in The Great Gatsby that whether you are studying it was just reading it for fun you must be wondering what Fitzgerald is trying to say about. Some people argue the book of the criticism of the American dream, some people think Fitzgerald is trying to say the American dream is dead, others think the criticism is solely of Gatsby who paid the price of living too long with a single dream. Let's have a look at some quotes from the Great Gatsby.

Gaby's dream is the most prominent of the book. It is all encompassing, it has taken over his life completely. He thought he loved Daisy, but when he finally met her after all these years he found that he still wanted more. He wanted her to say that she never loved another man. He could not be happy with what he had, he has to be perfect. He is an example of people who abuse the American dream.

Character's like Myrtle and Wilson look up and Daisy and Tom. They want what they have, they think that they have achieved the American Dream. The reader knows different thought, we can see exactly how happy Daisy and Tom are. Behind the façade of perfection they present, their perfect marriage, in their lovely house with their beautiful daughter, they are both bored and unhappy. With no job and no purpose in life they have grown 'restless.' Both of them have affairs and neither seems to care about there child. Fitzgerald is trying to say that life is not what you imagine at the top.

It is obvious that, at least in the world of the Great Gatsby, money does not buy you happiness. Unfortunately it is just as clear that the lower classes are obsessed with money and view it as their ticket to living the dream. When you only look at their bank balances Gatsby and Tom are both wildly successful and that is all the lower classes see.

The photograph that Gatsby's father carries around with him becomes the symbol of this obsession of the lower classes. Instead of carrying a picture of his son he carries aa picture of his house, a symbol of his wealth, and what proves he is a success. Just as Gatsby was lured by Dan Cody's expensive yacht, so the next generation will look at this photo and think that if they work hard enough they can come from nothing like Gatsby and be as happy as him. The sad fact is we know Gatsby was never happy and when he died no one came to his funeral.

What can we draw from this then, does Fitzgerald think the American dream is dead. On the contrary I believe that he thinks it will continue perpetually, the people always look at the rich and wish they could be like them. And so the book is not telling you the American dream is dead is telling you that it will always live on and be wary of its promises.

Source by Matthew Alexander Jackson

Paradise Lost & Epic Simile

Satan is depicted in epic terms throughout Paradise Lost, but in ever diminishing ways. Beginning with the arch fiend's address to his nearest mate, Beelzebub, (1.192-208), Satan is a Titanian figure, yet even here referred to, immediately following, in lesser form as Earth-born, a foreshadowing of his coming diminution. The text goes on, calling Satan Leviathan, a whale in size, that creature which God had made the hugest that swim th 'ocean stream, (1.202). He is imagined asleep on the Norway foam, a reference to things northern, thus implying mammoth dimensions in the reader's mind. Milton returns to this reference later in his depiction of fallen cohorts. Continuing, Satan is so big that a sailor might take him for a small island, dropping anchor overnight to escape the sea wind, and wait till morning. (1.205)

The implication of an ongoing fall continues, as if Satan's plunge may never end. He is allowed to pursue his dark designs, but he does so only with the high permission of all ruling heaven, (1.212). Heavenly permission granted, Satan sprouts wings, takes off into air that felt unusual weight, and alights once more with his sidekick Beelzebub. Both have recovered slightly, escaping the Stygian flood as Gods, and not by the sufferance of supernal power, (1.240-241). Satan's determination to overcome his fate is on display, as he rouses himself and his fellow fallen angel.

Further on, (1.283-302), Satan is shown in even more graphic, yet still epic ways, as the superior fiend. Beelzebub has just finished addressing Satan, which but th 'omnipotent none could have foiled, thus raising his profile. But Milton again takes him down a notch in a very subtle way, comparing his shield in epic terms to the moon, (1.287), which object everyone knows hangs suspended in Earth's orbit, and reflecting not its own light, but light from a larger , more powerful source. The author ends the simile by referring to Satan's massive following of fellow fallen angels. Once again Milton chooses a rather pathetic analogy, saying that Satan's legions are Thick as Autumnal leaves, (1.302), thus not only fallen to the ground, but a symbol of death, low regard and seasonal change as well.

Satan reproaches his Princes and Potentates, (1.315), rousing them to fight back. Those other fallen angels are then shown in epic terms, as they stirred to obey, their general's voice, (1.337). Their numbers were such that they resembled a plague of locusts, a reference to Moses' showering Egypt with a horde of those biblical insects, turning day to night. This reference is telling, since the fallen are once again described in terms of dark versus light. The plague is not only dark, it is carried on an eastern wind, a symbol in Milton's world of ominous change, since the east was a source of exotic and dangerous infidels. The geographic menace is extended, when the angels are compared to hordes arriving, this time from the north, home of barbarous tribes spreading over Europe, beneath Gibraltar to Lybian sands, (1.355), thus engulfing the civilized world.

Beelzebub is depicted in epic ways in Book 2 of Paradise Lost. Satan's second in command, Beelzebub is shown as an almost epically sad figure, perhaps a mirror image of man in his inability to exercise free will, and thus suffer the fate of a stronger angel. His name, from a Caananite reference meaning Lord of the Flies, presents an image of servitude, of someone willing to take whatever falls from the table. He rises, with, grave aspect, as a pillar of state, (2.303). Here, Beelzebub appears to be rising to the occasion, claiming his rightful place as Satan's counselor, Majestic though in ruin. Proud, but obsequious, he may be Satan's alter ego. He is reluctant to lead, yet eager to serve, to operate in reflected light. This is epic hubris, as it represents hero-worship, and the refusal to exercise free will.

The epic simile continues, citing Beelzebub's Atlantean shoulders fit to bear the weight of mightiest monarchies, (2.306). Is this strength and resilience, or willingness to suffer under someone else's dictates? Or is it perhaps Milton's first mention of the need for human reverence and obedience to the Almighty? Regardless, Beelzebub is ready to serve. Yet, like Adam embracing his fate at the end of the poem, Beelzebub's counsel is taken. Hearing of the coming of a new creature, some new race called Man, (2.348), Satan adopts Beelzebub's wisdom, and the epic contest is begun.

Source by Edgington Byron